A Gender-Based Study of Stance and Engagement Markers Used by Pakistani IELTS Students in Argumentative Essays: A Corpus Based Study


  • Ghulam Fatima Scholar M.Phil., Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad (Faisalabad Campus) Author
  • Amna Arshad Lecturer, Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad (Faisalabad) Author


Argumentative Essays, Engagement, Gender, Markers, Stance


The present research aims to analyze the use of stance and engagement markers by IELTS students in argumentative essay writing. It is a gender-based study in which argumentative essays written by male and female students are analyzed, and the differences are highlighted between male and female students’ essay writing regarding the use of stance and engagement markers. For this purpose, data from 100 IELTS students (50 male and 50 female) is taken as a sample for the research. A corpus of 100 argumentative essays is composed in order to analyze the stance and engagement markers. Next, the stance and engagement markers of the argumentative essays written by both genders are compared. The findings show that attitude markers are used more frequently by male students than engagement markers. Although they made use of reader pronouns, hedges, and self-mentions, the essays lacked engagement markers such as questions and directives. In terms of how male and female students used stance and engagement markers differently, the comparison shows that male students used these markers more frequently than female students.


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How to Cite

A Gender-Based Study of Stance and Engagement Markers Used by Pakistani IELTS Students in Argumentative Essays: A Corpus Based Study. (2023). International Research Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 4(4), 40-52. https://irjmss.com/index.php/irjmss/article/view/167

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