A Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of Farmers under Participatory Irrigation Management vs Non-Participatory Irrigation Management

Authors

  • Muhammad Ali US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Water, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. Author
  • Zain ul Abdin Khatti US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Water, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. Author
  • Rafiq A. Chandio University of Sindh, Jamshoro. Author
  • Ali Raza Zaidi Government College University, Hyderabad. Author

Keywords:

Participatory Irrigation Management, Economic Performance, Reforms

Abstract

This paper examines the economic performance of the farmers under two water governance models i.e participatory and non-participatory irrigation management system. We developed economic indicators of crop cultivation practices, marketing and profitability and labor demand. Subsequently, variables for each indicator were also developed. We used multistage cluster and quota-based sampling techniques. Primary data was collected from 140 farmers. Four distributaries were selected. A 5-scale Likert survey questionnaire was used to collect primary data on economic performance. Kruskal-Wallis-H-Test and Post-Hoc-Mann-Whitney-U-Test were used for analyzing the data. We conclude that crop cultivation practices at the tail end have improved. There has also been a paradigm shift recorded among farmers. from cultivating number of acres to number crops per acre with respect to water availability. Under marketing indicator, we found that all farmers selling their products individually reduces the bargaining power of the farming community. Labor demand has increased due to labor migration from tail-end areas.  

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Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

A Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of Farmers under Participatory Irrigation Management vs Non-Participatory Irrigation Management. (2024). International Research Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 5(1), 287-309. https://irjmss.com/index.php/irjmss/article/view/245

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