Psychological Distress, Academic Burnout and Resilence among Medical Students


  • Sundas Riasat Student of BS psychology, Department of Humanities, COMSATS University Lahore. Author
  • Huma Yasin PhD Scholar, Department of Psychology, University of Central Punjab, Lahore and Lecturer psychology, Department of Humanities, COMSATS, Lahore. Author
  • Hamna Zahid PhD Scholar, Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore and Lecturer Psychology, Department of Humanities, COMSATS, Lahore Campus. Author


psychological distress, academic burnout, Resilience, medical students


Current quantitative Research is conducted to explore the association between psychological distress, academic burnout (emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and academic efficacy) and resilience among medical students. Convenient sampling technique was chosen to collect data from the sample of (N =307) age range between 17 to 26 years (M=21.82, SD=1.66) Demographics questionnaire, K10. Academic burnout scale and brief resilience scale were used. The findings of this research indicates  that Resilience is negatively associated with psychological distress and academic burnout(emotional exhaustion and cynicism) and psychological distress has a positive association with academic burnout( emotional exhaustion and cynicism) and demonstrate a negative relationship with resilience furthermore the findings suggest that resilience is not moderating the association between psychological distress and academic burnout and the findings also leads to that the level of psychological distress is significantly different based on gender


Akram, H., & Abdelrady, A. H. (2023). Application of ClassPoint tool in reducing EFL learners’ test anxiety: an empirical evidence from Saudi Arabia. Journal of Computers in Education, 1-19.

Akram, H., Bhutto, M. H., & Chughtai, M. S. (2022). An analysis of business students’ stressors and their coping strategies in the post-pandemic era. Decision, 49(2), 239-252.

American Psychiatric Association & American Psychiatric Association. Task Force On Dsm-Iv. (1998). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. American Psychiatric Association.

Arif, N. M. N. A., Roslan, N. S., Ismail, S. B., Nayak, R. D., Jamian, M. R., Mohamad Ali Roshidi, A. S., Edward, T. C., Kamal, M. A., Mohd Amin, M. M., Shaari, S., & Shaharudin Basri, M. F. (2021). Prevalence and Associated Factors of Psychological Distress and Burnout among Medical Students: Findings from Two Campuses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(16), 8446.

Aslam, S., Akram, H., Saleem, A., & Zhang, B. (2021). Experiences of international medical students enrolled in Chinese medical institutions towards online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic. PeerJ, 9, e12061.

Bhutto, M., Bhayo, N. H., Dong, J., Umar, M., & Akram, H. (2019). Understanding Students' Psychological Stress: A Case of Sukkur Iba University. British Journal of Education, 7(6), 38-52.

Brand, F. S., & Jax, K. (2007). Focusing the Meaning(s) of Resilience: Resilience as a Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object. Ecology and Society, 12(1).

Chang, E., Eddins-Folensbee, F., & Coverdale, J. (2012). Survey of the Prevalence of Burnout, Stress, Depression, and the Use of Supports by Medical Students at One School. Academic Psychiatry, 36(3), 177.

Chen, Z., & Ramzan, M. (2024). Analyzing the role of Facebook-based e-portfolio on motivation and performance in English as a second language learning. International Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, 13(2), 123-138.

Cordes, C. L., & Dougherty, T. W. (1993). A Review and an Integration of Research on Job Burnout. The Academy of Management Review, 18(4), 621–656.

Deasy, C., Coughlan, B., Pironom, J., Jourdan, D., & Mannix-McNamara, P. (2014). Psychological Distress and Coping amongst Higher Education Students: A Mixed Method Enquiry. PLoS ONE, 9(12), e115193.

Ediz, B., Ozcakir, A., & Bilgel, N. (2017). Depression and anxiety among medical students: Examining scores of the beck depression and anxiety inventory and the depression anxiety and stress scale with student characteristics. Cogent Psychology, 4(1).

Fares, J., Saadeddin, Z., Al Tabosh, H., Aridi, H., El Mouhayyar, C., Koleilat, M. K., Chaaya, M., & El Asmar, K. (2016). Extracurricular activities associated with stress and burnout in preclinical medical students. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 6(3), 177–185.

Guthrie, E., Black, D., Bagalkote, H., Shaw, C., Campbell, M., & Creed, F. (1998). Psychological stress and burnout in medical students: a five-year prospective longitudinal study. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 91(5), 237–243.

Harolds, J. A. (2020). Quality and Safety in Healthcare, Part LXV. Clinical Nuclear Medicine, 1.

Hartley, M. T. (2011). Examining the Relationships Between Resilience, Mental Health, and Academic Persistence in Undergraduate College Students. Journal of American College Health, 59(7), 596–604.

Horwitz, A. V. (2007). Distinguishing distress from disorder as psychological outcomes of stressful social arrangements. Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine, 11(3), 273–289.

Iorga, M., Dondas, C., & Zugun-Eloae, C. (2018). Depressed as Freshmen, Stressed as Seniors: The Relationship between Depression, Perceived Stress and Academic Results among Medical Students. Behavioral Sciences, 8(8), 70.

Li, S., & Akram, H. (2023). Do emotional regulation behaviors matter in EFL teachers' professional development?: A process model approach. Porta Linguarum: revista internacional de didáctica de las lenguas extranjeras, (9), 273-291.

Ramzan, M., Oteir, I., Khan, M. A., Al-Otaibi, A., & Malik, S. (2023). English learning motivation of ESL learners from ethnic, gender, and cultural perspectives in sustainable development goals. International Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, 12(3), 195-212.




How to Cite

Psychological Distress, Academic Burnout and Resilence among Medical Students. (2024). International Research Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 5(1), 52-63.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 77

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.