Effect of 4MAT Cycle on the Academic Achievements of the Students in the Subject of Biology at Secondary Level in Baluchistan


  • Riaz Ahmed Panezai PhD Scholar, Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad Author
  • Dr. Azhar Mahmood Associate Professor, Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad Author


4MAT Cycle, academic achievements, secondary level, Biology


The purpose of research study is to investigate the effect of 4MAT Cycle on the academic achievements of the biology students at secondary level in Baluchistan. True Experimental Design was selected for the study specifically Pertest Post-test control group design. The study take place in Tehsil Karazat District Pishin. The population size of the study is all the students of the 9th class studding the subject Biology. The sample was drawn using random sampling technique. Two groups were used in the study control and experimental group. 4 MAT Cycle was used in experimental group while traditional lecture method was used in control group. The experiment was lasted for eight weeks. Subject Achievement Test was used as instrument for both the groups in the study. The same test was used as pre-test for both the groups. Research questions was answered using mean and standard deviation. T Test was used and Hypotheses were tested. The same Subject Achievement Test (SAT) with reshuffled version was used after three months to investigate the retention level of the students in both the groups in the subject concern. The major conclusion of the study were to the effect of 4 MAT cycle on students’ academic achievement in biology at secondary level. From the findings it was revealed that the experimental group achieved significantly better in the post-test as compared to the pre-test.



Agame, L. H. (2012). How one teacher promoted science discourse among English learners: describing pedagogical successes and continued challenges? NARST, 2(15) 299-303.

Bowers PS (1987). The effect of the 4MAT system on achievement and attitudes in science, Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina.

BulBul, H. & Ozsoy, V. (2015). Students views on the 4MAT strategy application in the two dimensional art studio classes in the fine arts high school. Anadolu Journal of Educational Sciences International, Art Education Special Issue.

Cainc, D (2009). The effect of the 4MAT method (learning styles and brain hemispheres) of instruction on achievement in mathematics. Int. J. Math. Educ. Sci. Technol. 40(8):1027-1036.

Jackson PR (2001). The effects of teaching methods and 4MAT learning styles on community college students‟ achievement, attitudes, and retention in introductory microbiology. Ph.D. diss., Lynn University.

McCarthy B., & Leflar, S. (Eds.). (1981). 4MAT in action: Creative lesson plans for teaching to learning styles with right/left mode techniques. Barrington, IL: Excel, Inc.

McCarthy, B. (1987). The 4MAT system. Barrington, IL: Excel, Inc.

McCarthy, B. (2000). About teaching 4MAT in the classroom. Wauconda, IL: About Learning, Inc.

McCarthy, B., & McCarthy, D. (2003). About teaching companion: The 4MAT implementation workbook (pp. 122-125). Wauconda, IL: About Teaching, Inc.

Nwagbo, C. R. (2001). The relative efficacy of guided inquiry and expository methods on achievement in biology students of different levels of scientific literacy. Journal of science Teacher Association of Nigeria 36 (1&2), 43-51.

Pratoomtong, W. (2011). A development of science learning activities based on 4mat system and learning styles to promote multiple intelligences of sixth grade students. Unpublished PhD thesis submitted to the Science Education at Srinakharinwirot University.

Spatz, M. (1991). Trends and Issues in Tourism and Hospitality Education: Visioning the Future. International Council for Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Education, (CHRIE), Orlando, USA, 5-8 August, 2002.

Uyangor, Sevinç Mert (2012). The effectiveness of the 4MAT teaching model upon student achievement and attitude levels. Int. J. Res. Stud. Educ. 12:43-53.

Uyangor SM (2012). The Effectiveness of the 4MAT Teaching Model upon Student Achievement and Attitude Levels. Int. J. Res. Stud. Educ. 1(2):43-53.




How to Cite

Effect of 4MAT Cycle on the Academic Achievements of the Students in the Subject of Biology at Secondary Level in Baluchistan. (2022). International Research Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 3(1), 142-148. https://irjmss.com/index.php/irjmss/article/view/100

Similar Articles

1-10 of 94

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.