Spell of Words: Exploring Politeness Strategies employed by Pakistani Motivational Speakers

Authors

  • Mehreen Zafar Lecturer Department of English, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan. Author
  • Ambreen Kaukab Lecturer Department of English, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan. Author
  • Shumaila Khalid MPhil Scholar, Department of English, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan. Author
  • Dr. Muhammad Ahsan Assistant Professor, Department of English, Ghazi University Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan. Author

Keywords:

Politeness strategies, Motivational Speakers, Face threatening Acts, Pragmatics, Brown & Levinson

Abstract

The current research deals with the realization of politeness strategies by Pakistani motivational speakers. ‘Politeness’ being the area of pragmatics has been given huge importance and been investigated from different views. Gillani & Mahmood (2014) identify politeness as evasive term and it is cagey to get its clear interpretation in pragmatics. The checklist of politeness model was applied as a tool under the theoretical framework set by Brown and Levinson (1987) on the data that is comprised motivational lectures of 94 minutes and 38 seconds. The findings of the data indicate that the positive politeness is used as the most frequent (93.60%) strategy to represent the motivational speakers as optimistic and interested in hearer’s activity.  Negative politeness (85.30%) identifies the worth of audience to the speakers and bald on record (83.30%) minimizes the face threatening acts (FATs) implicitly. The use of indirect strategy, off record, presents the speakers as non-coercive. Overall the politeness strategies represent the individual and social persona of Pakistani motivational speakers.

References

Alahi, E. E., Sukkuea, A., Tina, F. W., Nag, A., Kurdthongmee, W., Suwannarat, K., & Mukhopadhyay, S. C. (2023). Integration of IoT-Enabled Technologies and Artificial intelligence (AI) for Smart City Scenario: recent advancements and future trends. Sensors, 23(11), 5206. https://doi.org/10.3390/s23115206

Al-Duleimi, H. Y., Rashid, S. M., & Abdullah, A. N. (2016). A critical review of prominent theories of politeness. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 7(6). https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.7n.6p.262

Alfattah, M. (2010). Apology Strategies of Yemeni EFL University Students. MJAL, 2(3), 223–249

Arundale, R. B. (2010). Constituting face in conversation: Face, facework, and interactional achievement. Journal of Pragmatics, 42(8), 2078–2105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.12.021

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to Do Things with Words. Oxford: University Press.

Brown, P., & Levinson, S. C. (1987). Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge

University Press.

Cornish, David & Dianne Dukette. The Essential 20: Twenty Components of an Excellent Health

Care Team. RoseDog Books, 2009.

Gillani, M., & Mahmood, R. (2014). Politeness Strategies in Pakistani Business English Letters.

International Journal of Linguistics, 6(3),23. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v6i3.5406

Goffman, E. (1955). On face-work: an analysis of ritual elements in social

interaction. Psychiatry: Journal for the Study of Interpersonal Processes, 18, 213–231.

Grice, H. P. (1989). Studies in the way of words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hayati, R. (2015). Politeness Strategies in the TV Talk Show “Talk Indonesia”.

Lakoff, R. (1973). The Logic of Politeness, or Minding Your P’s and Q’s. Chicago Linguistics

Society, 9, 292-305.

Leech, G. (1983). Principles of pragmatics. London: Longman.

Liu, P., Xie, F., & Cai, L. (2014). A case study of college Teacher’s politeness Strategy in EFL classroom. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.4304/tpls.4.1.110-115

Neirotti, R. A. (2021). The importance of asking questions and doing things for a reason. Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 36(1). https://doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2021-0950

Nureddeen, F. (2008). Cross-cultural pragmatics: Apology strategies in Sudanese Arabic. Journal of Pragmatics, 40, 279-306.

Ruytenbeek, N. (2019). Do indirect requests communicate politeness? An experimental study of conventionalized indirect requests in French email communication. Journal of Politeness Research, 16(1), 111–142. https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2017-0026

Searle, J. (1969). Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173438

Tribble, C. (1997). Writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wang, C. L. (2008). Entrepreneurial Orientation, Learning Orientation, and Firm Performance. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 32, 635-657.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2008.00246.x

Downloads

Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Spell of Words: Exploring Politeness Strategies employed by Pakistani Motivational Speakers. (2023). International Research Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 4(4), 206-216. http://irjmss.com/index.php/irjmss/article/view/180

Similar Articles

1-10 of 40

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)