Spell of Words: Exploring Politeness Strategies employed by Pakistani Motivational Speakers


  • Mehreen Zafar Lecturer Department of English, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan. Author
  • Ambreen Kaukab Lecturer Department of English, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan. Author
  • Shumaila Khalid MPhil Scholar, Department of English, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan. Author
  • Dr. Muhammad Ahsan Assistant Professor, Department of English, Ghazi University Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan. Author


Politeness strategies, Motivational Speakers, Face threatening Acts, Pragmatics, Brown & Levinson


The current research deals with the realization of politeness strategies by Pakistani motivational speakers. ‘Politeness’ being the area of pragmatics has been given huge importance and been investigated from different views. Gillani & Mahmood (2014) identify politeness as evasive term and it is cagey to get its clear interpretation in pragmatics. The checklist of politeness model was applied as a tool under the theoretical framework set by Brown and Levinson (1987) on the data that is comprised motivational lectures of 94 minutes and 38 seconds. The findings of the data indicate that the positive politeness is used as the most frequent (93.60%) strategy to represent the motivational speakers as optimistic and interested in hearer’s activity.  Negative politeness (85.30%) identifies the worth of audience to the speakers and bald on record (83.30%) minimizes the face threatening acts (FATs) implicitly. The use of indirect strategy, off record, presents the speakers as non-coercive. Overall the politeness strategies represent the individual and social persona of Pakistani motivational speakers.


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How to Cite

Spell of Words: Exploring Politeness Strategies employed by Pakistani Motivational Speakers. (2023). International Research Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 4(4), 206-216. http://irjmss.com/index.php/irjmss/article/view/180

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